Cancer is defined as a group of diseases showing uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells that threaten the humans in biological, psychological, social and economic aspects. Adopted within chronic diseases, cancer is one of the leading health problems of our times due to its frequency and high rate of death.
Cancer diagnosis, even the possibility , directly undermines the homeostatic balance of individuals. Despite the recent developments in cancer treatment, negative connotations associated with the disease and implementation of intensive treatment causes many problems in patients. Therefore, the control of symptoms and ensuring life satisfaction of the individuals with the disease are becoming increasingly important.
Diseases like cancer, is not a condition caused by structural and functional abnormal changes of tissues and cells, it directly affects the individual’s quality of life because of being a crisis of identity and existence of the individual, affecting physical, mental, social and spiritual dimensions . Quality of life in cancer patients, starts to be affected from the beginning of the diagnosis, and continues to be affected depending on many factors. during and after treatment process.
The department provides diagnosis and treatment services and psychosocial support services for patients. In addition, tumor council is held 2 times a week in the hospital, treatment process which requires a multidisciplinary assessment of the status of oncology patients is planned effectively. Chemotherapy treatment of patients is provided in the Chemotherapy Unit at the hospital. The cancer should be treated by considering the psychological stresses experienced by the patient due to effects and concerns for the treatment process, psychosocial needs of the patients.
New generation intelligent technology and target oriented cancer treatment
The treatment of cancer are successfully completed by specialized academic staff with the latest technology devices and applications at Oncology Department.
Radiotherapy is a treatment method aiming to kill cancer cells by using high-energy radiation.
Radiation therapy affects the normal cells, too; so the treatment should be done carefully by experienced hands to minimize side effects.
Radiotherapy being administered during cancer treatment can be given externally with guidance of a machine or it can be administered with radioactive agents inserted into or close to the tumor cells.
Patients can be administered radiotherapy before, during or after the surgery depending on type of the cancer. Radiation oncologists decides the administration type of radiation treatment. This may depend on various factors:
- Type of the cancer
- Grade of the cancer
- Localization of the cancer inside the body
- How much the cancer is close to radiation-sensitive tissues.
- How far the radiation should go beyond in order to reach the targeted region
- General health condition of the patient and medical history
- What types of other cancer treatments will be administered
- Other factors such as age and other medical conditions
Radiotherapy can be administered as monotherapy or concomitantly with chemotherapy.